Resources for New Landowners: Aldo Leopold’s Five Tools of Wildlife Management

Aldo Leopold wrote, “Are we too poor in purse or spirit to apply some of it to keep the land pleasant to see, and good to live in?” Photo by Abigail Holmes.

“The central thesis of game management is this: game can be restored by the creative use of the same tools which have heretofore destroyed it — axe, plow, cow, fire, and gun.”


The axe tool includes modern machinery, such as excavators, that can accomplish many management tasks efficiently. Photo by Abigail Holmes.



Maintaining proper stocking and grazing rates in one key pillar of wildlife management. Photo by Brittany Wegner.



An annual sunflower (Helianthus annuus). Photo by Abigail Holmes.




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